Operational area

 

Madhya Pradesh the “heart of India” is the second largest state in the country by area. With over 75 million inhabitants, it is the sixth largest state in India by population. Madhya Pradesh is home to a large tribal population, who has been largely cut-off from the mainstream development. This makes Madhya Pradesh one of the least developed states in India, with an Human Development Index. MP is also the lowest-ranked state on the India State Hunger Index. The population of Madhya Pradesh consists of a number of ethnic groups and tribes, castes, and communities, including the indigenous tribals and relatively more recent migrants from other states. The schedules and the scheduled tribes constitute a significant portion of the population of the State. The main tribal groups in Madhya Pradesh are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Korku,Bhadia (or Bhariya), Halba, Kaul, Mariya, Malto and Sahariya. Dhar, Jhabua and Mandla districts have more than 50 percent tribal population.

Agriculture is the mainstay of Madhya Pradesh’s economy. Madhya Pradesh’s GSDP growth in year 2002-03 was negative (-) 4.01 percent against which the same stood at (+) 11.81 percent in year 2011-12. The average GSDP growth during last five years has been close to 10 percent.

Agriculture is the basis of Madhya Pradesh’s economy. Less than half of the land area is cultivable, however, and its distribution is quite uneven because of variations in topography, rainfall, and soils. Agriculture in Madhya Pradesh is characterized by low productivity and the use of nonmechanized methods of cultivation. The most important crops are wheat, sorghum (jowar), corn (maize), rice, and pulses (legumes such as peas, beans, or lentils). Livestock and poultry farming also are prominent in Madhya Pradesh. The state contains a significant portion of the country’s livestock—cows, buffaloes, goats, sheep, and pigs.

Madhya Pradesh is the number one in child malnutrition. In this state, 59.8% of children are underweight, 23.4% of the population is undernourished and 9.4% of children who die under the age of 5 die from hunger. Malnutrition in Madhya Pradesh is much higher than the national averages for India. And MP’s urban poor are worst-affected. A leading indicator   of a country’s health is the nutritional status of its population. Malnourishment in children and women is a major determinant of mortality   and morbidity. It is important to remember that the body’s resistance   to disease can be effectively developed through adequate nutrition.

Health facilities must be equally distributed to ensure equal physical access. Rural development needs focus on methods that lead directly to sustainable programmes to promote the health of rural community. Improving rural health requires innovative, creative and integrative strategies that address both individual health related behaviours and many social determinants of health.

  YSS attempts to improve the health and socio-economic status of the people, especially women and underprivileged sections of the operational area. The YSS primarily focuses on Health, Community Development, Environmental issues in the state of Madhya Pradesh thus improving health and socio economic status of the people.